How will Brexit impact the tech sector?

This site tracks updates and developments on the UK’s implementation or adaptation of specific European policies, regulations, and laws impacting the digital and tech industries throughout the Brexit transition. The policy monitoring is split across two areas: the Digital Single Market strategy, and the growing shape of UK domestic legislation which seeks to replace the DSM as well as the EU’s foundational elements such as the e-Commerce Directive.

Research sources include policy statements from Downing Street and the Department for Exiting the European Union; the adversarial examination of the process from Parliament, including the European Scrutiny Committee; Hansard; the European Memoranda repository; research from the House of Commons Library; official EU statements pertaining to Brexit and tech; and well-informed expert commentary.

The digital sector employs 1.5 million people in the UK – that’s 4.5% of all jobs in the UK. (Source)
The digital sector contributed £149 billion to the UK economy in 2018. That’s 7.7% of UK GVA – ten times as much as farming and fisheries. (Source)
The UK’s tech sector exported £28 billion worth of digital services to the European Union in 2018 – that’s over half of the UK’s digital exports in total. (Source)

Why this site?

It is critical for professionals, leaders, and policymakers to understand the impact that leaving the European Union will have on our work in the tech and digital sectors. There are implications for everything from data protection to privacy to accessibility to intermediary liability.

It is more important than ever before for those who will be impacted by these developments to organise, speak up, and represent our needs throughout the Brexit process and beyond. An informed understanding of the issues at hand is the key to those actions, and this site will provide the knowledge base you need.

What happens now?

With the UK now out of the European Union, it is clear beyond any doubt that Brexit is being used as a means for British policymakers to embark on an open regulatory experiment. Legislators across all parties, think tanks, and media outlets are seeking to fundamentally redraft the legal and social foundations of the open web, our access to it, and our use of it, under the guise of “taking back control”. This policy drive is unabashedly nationalistic, specifically promoted as a “British Model” of internet regulation crafted to “British values”. Yet those values, whether they aim to take the form of replacements or wholesale eliminations of European digital frameworks, are far darker than what they will replace. Many proposals coming out of government will dramatically restrict freedom of speech, freedom of expression, and personal privacy, while imposing severe new obligations for content moderation, filtering and censorship, and corporate monitoring. They will regulate private behavior in the online world in ways not replicated in the offline world.

This drive to turn British tech businesses into the arbiters of civil discourse, as well as arms-length privatised law enforcement bodies, carries grave implications for the sector’s economic future as well. The divergent “British Model”, which will see the UK operating under its own set of restrictive rules not replicated in any other western system, is being sold as an incentive to trade deals – when, in fact, it is a barrier to them. The implementation costs for domestic businesses for compliance with the “British Model” will make the UK an impossible place to do business online, and will render the UK a no-go zone for foreign investment in our domestic tech sector.

It is our work, our projects, our startups, our businesses, our content, and our livelihoods which are stuck in the middle. Professionals working in the sector must not assume that we will be consulted on these changes, or that our experience will be respected. Equally, we must proceed on the understanding that the removal of European safeguards on human rights, privacy, and freedom of expression will not protect our users, or ourselves, from the “British Model” and its rapacious demands for a more restricted, monitored, and surveilled open web.

This is a daunting time for us, both personally and professionally. Yet as the makers of the web, we are only helpless bystanders to this process if we choose to be. Please use this site to empower your advocacy efforts on behalf of our industry and the amazing people we build the web for every day.